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How to Cite APA in LaTeX / BibTeX?

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To give credit to the original authors and acknowledge their contributions to the research, academic writing requires proper citation of sources. The American Psychological Association (APA) citation style is widely used in social sciences, psychology, and education. In this blog post, we will look at how to use BibTeX to cite APA in LaTeX.

BibTeX is a reference management tool that is used in conjunction with LaTeX to generate a bibliography. It is a powerful reference and citation management tool that can save you a lot of time and effort when writing papers. Here’s how to use BibTeX to create citations in APA style:

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Step 1: Create a .bib file

First, create a BibTeX file (.bib file) that contains all the references you want to cite in your document. This file contains all the information about the sources, including the author’s name, publication date, title of the article, and the name of the journal or book.

Step 2: Include the .bib file in your LaTeX document

Next, include the .bib file in your LaTeX document by adding the following command to the preamble:


Make sure to replace “yourfile” with the name of your .bib file.

Step 3: Citing references

To cite a reference in your document, use the \cite{} command with the key that corresponds to the reference in your .bib file. For example:

According to \cite{smith2010}, this method is effective.

This command will create a citation in the text that includes the author’s name and the year of publication, such as (Smith, 2010).

Step 4: Adding a reference list

To add a reference list to your document, use the \bibliographystyle{} command to specify the style of the bibliography, followed by the \bibliography{} command to specify the .bib file:


The above code will create a reference list at the end of your document in APA style.

Step 5: Compile your document

Finally, compile your LaTeX document to create the citation and reference list.

In summary, to cite APA in LaTeX using BibTeX, you need to create a .bib file with all the references, include the .bib file in your LaTeX document, use the \cite{} command to cite references, and use the \bibliographystyle{} and \bibliography{} commands to create a reference list. With these steps, you can easily manage and cite your references in APA style while writing your academic papers.